Friday, 9 March 2012

Pashtun History in Islam(part 1)

Pashtun awer Hazrat Khalid bin waleed ki Reshta
Pashtuno ki Tarikh bohat porani hai is ke Reshta ak bahador Sahabi Hazrat 
Khalid bin walid say jora howa hai pashton history ko bayan karni si piahli Hum tora  Hazrat Khalid bin walid ki bari mai koch ap ki sat share karni chahti hai

About Hazrat Khalid Bin Waleed
Hazrat Khalid Bin Waleed was awarded the title of sword of Allah(saifullah) by the Prophet Mohammad(Peace Be Upon Him) at the end of Battle/ Ghazwah, of Motah. Motah town was located at the southern end of the Red Sea near Jordon. The battle was fought on 8th of Hijra in the month of Jamadiul Awwal. It was Ghazwah because the Prophet(PBUH) was alive and was in Madina. It was called battle since the Prophet(PBUH)was not present with the army. The Prophet(Peace Be Upon Him)came to know that a large army of Romans (Shamis) had started moving towards Madina Munawwara. A force of three thousand could be managed to block the way hundred thousand well equipped with armed, therefore the Prophet(PBUH) nominated thee commanders for the combat. The first was Hazrat Jaafar Tayyar, Prophet,s cousin and younger brother of Hazrat Ali (RA). If Jaffer Tayyar was martyred then, Hazrtat Zaid Bin Haris would take the flag and in case of his martyrdom Hazrat Abdullah Bin Rawaha would be the cammander of the force. In the event of his martyrdom, the force would decide for the flag bearer through consensus. The Muslims swiftly advanced and overtook Romans close to the locality of Motah and the fighting started.
Hazrat Jaffer Bin Tayyar took the flag and launched the assault against the enemy and killed a number of them… His right hand was cutoff and he took the flag in the left hand. Little after his left hand was chopped of by the sword of an enemy and he held the flag in his teeth and did not budge an inch but the sword of an enemy cut off his body into two and he was martyred. At this moment the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) informed the Suhabah (Companions) in Mdina that Jaffer Bin Tayyar was flying to the paradise with his cut off hands making them wings. In the pitched battle Zaid Bin Haris and Abdullah Bin Rawaha too fell martyred while fighting bravely the huge army of the enemy. Then through one opinion the Muslims gave the flag to Hazrat Kalid Bin Waleed who had the experience of war strategy. Hazrat Khalid had embranced Islam right after Ghazwa of Uhud and it was for the first time the commander to lead the Muslim army. Khalid Bin Waleed was the off spring of Banu Makhdoom tribe which had the illustrious tradition of expertise over warfare and valiant deeds. Hazrat Umar, the second Caliph of Islam was also form the same tribe.
Hazrat Khalid started fighting the enemy for some time when the night approached and according to the tradition of war those days, the armies separated from each other and proceeded to their camps to continue the battle the next morning. At night Hazrati Khalid Bin Waleed studied the war plan and came to the conclusion that it would be the foremost objective to fight a defensive war and save the small force to the maximum extent. He directed the 1500 soldiers on the rear to come to the fore front and the fighters on the front to move back in a far and wide area and move towards the battle field while raising full throated slogans of Allah -0-Akber. By evolving the strategy Khalid Bin Waleed started fighting the enemy next morning twisting on a side back back inch by inch for a defensive war. The enemy thought that there were fresh forces on the fore front and innumerable forces of Muslims were backing them and moving towards the battle field. The enemy further was unnerved that the commander was twisting on one side to encircle their army. This was the height of the psychological warefare that such a huge number of force came under pressure by the methodology adopted by Khalid Bin Waleed. The day long fighting continued and nine swords were broken at the hand of Hazrat Khalid. Then he was empty handed and an enemy was just throwing a spear towards Khalid when a Muslim solidier threw his sword swiftly towards him. The tenth sword proved decisive and the Romans started fleeing away. By that time half of the horse of Hazrat Khalid Bin Waleed was drowned in the blood. Hazrat Khalid forbade his force to chase the enemy least they should turn back and assess their real strength. Then they would eliminate the succeeded to save the remaining army of Muslims God given wisdom for warfare. The historians are of the opinion that the battle remained undecided, but it was a miracle that adopting a right strategy Hazrat Khalid managed to force the enemy flee away save his small army from elimination.
When the Muslim army returned to Madina, the prophet Mohammad (PBUH) awarded the title of sword of Allah (Saifullah) to Hazrat Khalid Bin Waleed for fighting the first and most difficult battle of his life with such a small force.
By all standards of the war Hazrat Khalid Bin Waleed stands as the best Commander of history for all times. During his very first battle, he worked a miracle by the grace of Allah to drive away the huge army by leading a very small force of Muslims where very strong Commanders of the caliber of Jaffer Bin Tayyar, Zaid Bin Haris and Abdullah Bin Rawaha had fallen martyred valiantly facing the heavy odds in the battle. In the later history Khalid Bin Waleed trampled the mighty Bazantinian (Roman) Empire. He is the sole commander who did not face a single defeat in his life time. Hazrat Khalid Bin Waleed, at a number of times, launched solo attack on the enemy armies that he should be martyred. But since he was sword of Allah, therefore this sword could not be broken. Many times he was injured but appeared victorious. He was such a legend that the enemy forces dreaded him so much that wherever his presence was known to them in any Muslim army they flew away. A number of traps were laid for Khalid Bin Waleed under the guise of negotiations to take his life, but he had such an acumen and vision that he fore saw that this is a trap and he in advance devised the strategy to frustrate the enemy designs. Even with a small number of force accompanying him during the negotiation, he returned safe and sound, killing a large number of enemy forces.
How Khalid Bin Waleed totally destroyed the heavy might of Roman Empire is a history making event of his life. The event would be narrated in the coming month.
It is misconception that the present day war is more crucial, complex and difficult due to the invention of lethal Arms and mass destruction devices. But the today's General has to command the armed forces while sitting in the observation rooms. The commanders at that stage of history had to lead the forces while lifting heavy weapons. There had been events in the ancient history of war that two kings or commanders decided to fight each other by saving the forces and such and such solo fights had been decision makers

Thursday, 8 March 2012

Qais Abdur Rshid Pashtuno Ke Da Da Bap(part 2)

Qais Abdur Rashid awer Khalid Bin Waleed

sub si pihli hum Pashtono ki bap dada Qais Abdur Rashid Ki bari Mai apkko batingi
About Qais Abdur Rashid

Qais Abdur Rashid which are  The father of Pashtun Nation.Acording to some Historian this was a papoular person in Bani Israel tribe .he was accepted Islam ate the time of |Muhammad (sallal laho alihi waslam) and he becom son in law of Hazrat Khalid bin waleed . he had dead in 87 year old in 622. he was three sons.(1)Sra bin (2) Bittan (3) Gorasht . the relition of Yousaf Ba Ba is with Khair udin.

According some other

The Legendary Qais Abdur Rashid

This article talks about Qais Abdur Rashid     and why he is the progenitor of the Pashtun  people. Who is Qais Abdur Rashid and what  is his role in the early history of Pashtuns      and Islam?                                                
Qais Abdur Rashid is one of the more           famous pashtuns in history. He was born in   southern Afghanistan, specifically around the vicinity of the Sulaiman Mountains in Zhob,   and was initially named Pehtan Qais. This     was around 575 AD and he is said to have    died around 661 AD and is supposed to be   buried in Kas-Ghar or Takht-e-Sulaiman.      

This legendary figure Qais Abdur Rashid is known to be the first among the Pashtuns who  traveled the Mecca, met Mohammed the Prophet and embraced the early Islam. He’s later    named as Abdur Rashid and was was the one chosen to lead a delegation to Arabia and      greet the Prophet. He was greatly impressed by Mohammed’s faith and later was invited to  join Islam religion. Little did Qais Abdur Rashid knew that his fascination and decision to    embrace Islam created twist in the lives of Muslims in the country. His faith and adoption of Islam’s way of life has brought him in the high regarded status to date. He was also            sometimes called Malik meaning king. It was later said that he was the one who showed the Pashtuns the path to Islam which is why he is held in high esteem.

Qais Abdur Rashid was said to have married the daughter of the Sword of Allah, otherwise known as, Khalid bin Walid. Among their offspring were three sons who were said to be the ancestors of all of the Pashtun tribes in the world. These three sons along with a certain       Karlan were said to have spread out among the region and created more tribes and             communities of Pashtuns.
History reports that the eldest son Saraban had two sons and one of them named Sharkhbun (known as Shariyun from the other records). Sharkhbun was then known to be the Abdalis’ ancestor, or Afghans from the western part of the country. The other son        named Kharsbun is known to be the ancestors of the Afghans from the east or the            Muhammadzais who are residing at the northern mountains.

The proliferation of Islam from the time Qais Abdur Rashid embraced Islam’s way of life created a stronghold for Muslims in Afghanistan. In Pashtun or Pakhtun society and culture, individuals are accepted as such if their father is a Pashtoon. This was a decreed as the final say as to whether an individual was a true Pastunor not because there are many                 descendants from Pashtoons who called themselves so but are not really purely Pashtoons. They are also characterized by the language they speak, which is Pashto, their religion        which is Islam and their practice of Pashtunwali. Pashtunwali is a way of living which can be akin to following the teachings of Islam and their culture. Pashtunwali regulates how the Pashtun live their lives and the way they associate with each other and other people of different races and religions. Even to this very day, Pashtunwali is still followed by all Pashtun, especially those who live in the rural area